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What is Aqueous Coating And Enhance Print Durability

Aqueous Coating plus printers


In the world of printing and packaging, achieving an eye-catching and durable finish on a variety of surfaces is crucial. One effective method to enhance the visual appeal and protect the printed materials is through the use of aqueous coatings. We will explore what aqueous coating is, its benefits, applications, different types, the process involved, equipment used, advantages, disadvantages, cost considerations, maintenance requirements, and its environmental impact.


Aqueous coating, also known as water-based coating, is a protective layer applied to printed materials. It is a liquid coating that contains water as its primary solvent, along with various additives and polymers. This coating is applied to a substrate using specialized equipment, such as a coating unit on a printing press, to create a smooth and glossy finish. Aqueous coatings can be clear or tinted, providing additional aesthetic options.


Aqueous coatings offer numerous benefits in the printing and packaging industry. Here are some key advantages:

  1. Enhanced Appearance: Aqueous coatings provide a glossy, vibrant, and professional look to printed materials. They enhance the colors and make graphics and text more visually appealing.
  2. Durability and Protection: The coating forms a protective layer that shields the printed surface from scratches, abrasion, moisture, and fading. It improves the longevity of printed materials, ensuring they remain intact during handling and transportation.
  3. Quick Drying: Aqueous coatings dry rapidly due to their water-based nature. This feature increases production efficiency by reducing drying times and enables faster processing and packaging of printed materials.
  4. Eco-Friendly: Unlike some solvent-based coatings, aqueous coatings have lower levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), making them more environmentally friendly. They comply with regulations concerning emissions and worker safety.
  5. Compatibility with Various Substrates: Aqueous coatings can be applied to a wide range of substrates, including paper, cardboard, and certain plastics. This versatility makes them suitable for various printing applications.


Aqueous coatings find applications in multiple industries and products. Some common applications include:

Printing and Publishing

In the printing industry, aqueous coatings are extensively used to enhance the appearance and protect printed materials, such as brochures, magazines, catalogs, and packaging boxes. They provide a polished look and prevent ink from smudging.


Aqueous coatings are widely employed in packaging materials, including folding cartons, labels, and flexible packaging. They improve the visual appeal, add a layer of protection, and enable better printability.

Promotional Materials

Items like business cards, postcards, flyers, and posters often benefit from aqueous coatings. The glossy finish helps them stand out, capturing the attention of recipients and creating a positive impression.

Labels and Stickers

Aqueous coatings are commonly used for label and sticker applications. They offer resistance against moisture, oils, and other contaminants, ensuring the label remains intact and legible.


The application of aqueous coating involves several steps:

  1. Preparation: The substrate, typically paper or cardboard, is prepared by ensuring it is clean and free from dust or debris. This step is crucial to achieve a smooth and flawless coating.
  2. Coating Application: The coating is applied using specialized equipment, such as a coating unit on a printing press. The substrate passes through the coating unit, where the liquid coating is evenly distributed over its surface.
  3. Drying: After the coating is applied, the substrate goes through a drying process. Aqueous coatings dry quickly due to their water-based nature, resulting in reduced production time.
  4. Curing (Optional): In some cases, a curing process may be required to further enhance the coating’s durability and resistance. This step involves subjecting the coated material to heat or ultraviolet (UV) light.


To apply aqueous coatings, specific equipment is necessary. The common equipment used in the process includes:

  1. Coating Units: These units are integrated into printing presses and enable inline coating application during the printing process. They ensure precise and consistent coating distribution.
  2. Coating Machines: Standalone coating machines are available for applying aqueous coatings to printed materials. They offer flexibility and can be used independently or alongside printing presses.
  3. Drying Systems: Drying systems, such as infrared dryers or hot air dryers, expedite the drying process and facilitate faster production.


Aqueous coatings offer several advantages over alternative coating methods:

  • Safety: Aqueous coatings have lower levels of VOCs compared to solvent-based coatings, minimizing potential health risks for workers and reducing environmental impact.
  • Appearance: They enhance the visual appeal of printed materials, making colors appear more vibrant and graphics more appealing.
  • Protection: Aqueous coatings provide a protective layer that shields printed materials from scratches, moisture, and fading, ensuring their longevity.
  • Versatility: These coatings can be applied to various substrates, expanding their applications across different industries.
  • Quick Turnaround: Aqueous coatings dry rapidly, enabling faster production and quicker delivery times.


The cost of aqueous coating depends on several factors, including the size of the printed material, the desired coating type, the quantity of materials to be coated, and the complexity of the design. Generally, aqueous coatings are cost-effective and provide a good balance between quality and affordability. The benefits they offer in terms of enhanced appearance and protection justify the investment for many printing and packaging projects.


To maintain the quality of aqueous-coated materials, it’s important to follow these maintenance guidelines:

  • Proper Handling: Handle coated materials with care to avoid scratches or damage to the coating. Use protective measures during transportation and storage.
  • Avoid Moisture: Keep aqueous-coated materials away from excessive moisture or high humidity, as this can affect the coating’s integrity.
  • Store in Controlled Environment: Store coated materials in a controlled environment, away from direct sunlight and extreme temperature fluctuations.
  • Use Suitable Cleaning Methods: When cleaning coated surfaces, use non-abrasive materials and gentle cleaning solutions to prevent scratching or damaging the coating.

Environmental Impact

Aqueous coatings have a lower environmental impact compared to some other coating methods. They contain fewer VOCs, reducing air pollution and potential health risks for workers. Additionally, water-based coatings are more easily recyclable compared to solvent-based coatings. By opting for aqueous coatings, businesses can contribute to sustainable and eco-friendly practices in the printing and packaging industry.

Why Choose Aqueous Coating

Aqueous coating is a versatile and effective method for enhancing the appearance and protection of printed materials. Its numerous benefits, such as enhanced visual appeal, durability, quick drying, and eco-friendliness, make it a popular choice in the printing and packaging industry. With different types, a well-defined application process, specific equipment requirements, and considerations for advantages, disadvantages, cost, maintenance, and environmental impact, aqueous coatings offer a compelling solution for achieving high-quality finishes.